- Access by the Property Manager
- Eviction Avoidance Techniques
- Sexual Offenders and Predators
- Reopen Fees



Access by the Property Manager
by Michael Geo. F. Davis, Attorney at Law


The Property Manager has a duty to provide the resident with the quiet enjoyment of the premises. This includes ensuring only authorized access to the premises. Courts consider the resident's home to be no less important because it may be only one unit in a multi-unit community, than a single family home on its own lot.

The access statute

Florida law specifically addresses the Property Manager's right to access the premises under Florida Statute 83.53. FS 83.53 Landlord's access to dwelling unit.-- (1) The tenant shall not unreasonably withhold consent to the landlord to enter the dwelling unit from time to time in order to inspect the premises; make necessary or agreed repairs, decorations, alterations, or improvements; supply agreed services; or exhibit the dwelling unit to prospective or actual purchasers, mortgagees, tenants, workers, or contractors. (2) The landlord may enter the dwelling unit at any time for the protection or preservation of the premises. The landlord may enter the dwelling unit upon reasonable notice to the tenant and at a reasonable time for the purpose of repair of the premises. "Reasonable notice" for the purpose of repair is notice given at least 12 hours prior to the entry, and reasonable time for the purpose of repair shall be between the hours of 7:30 a.m. and 8:00 p.m. The landlord may enter the dwelling unit when necessary for the further purposes set forth in subsection (1) under any of the following circumstances: (a) With the consent of the tenant; (b) In case of emergency; (c) When the tenant unreasonably withholds consent; or (d) If the tenant is absent from the premises for a period of time equal to one-half the time for periodic rental payments. If the rent is current and the tenant notifies the landlord of an intended absence, then the landlord may enter only with the consent of the tenant or for the protection or preservation of the premises.

Unwarranted entry

An unwarranted entry into the premises by the Property Manager, his staff or vendors, or by giving access to others can have serious repercussions and should not be taken lightly. The resident can claim a breach of the lease and seek termination of the lease and damages. Should the resident appear, the entering individual can find himself being interviewed by the police based on the resident's claim of trespass, theft, or worse. Should the resident be home, the risk of violence is real, and it even possible that a firearm or other weapon may be used if the resident believes a break-in is occurring.

Consult your attorney

When a Property Manager needs entry and is unsure of the guidelines, he should call his attorney. Likewise, questions surrounding the granting of access to others or the denial of access by the resident can be confusing and legally risky, and the Property Manager's attorney should be consulted.

Statutory notice for access

The statute provides that the Property Manager may enter the rental "upon reasonable notice to the tenant and at a reasonable time for the purpose of repair of the premises." Note that this is access for repair only. Reasonable notice for repair purposes is "notice given at least 12 hours prior to the entry". Reasonable time for repair is "between the hours of 7:30 a.m. and 8:00 p.m." Outside of consent, the most common method to gain access for repair is by posting on the door a notice to enter the next day. Although the statute provides that 12 hours is reasonable notice, the 12.5 hour reasonable time window for access makes same day notice and access totally impractical for non-emergency repairs. Because the statute provides for a 12-hour notice and 7:30-8:00 time for repairs, this notice period has become the safe harbor as reasonable notice and time for all notices and entries. If the entry is for something that a reasonable person (read here "a judge") would think needs more notice, then more notice should be given. While a day's notice may be sufficient for repair of the sink faucet drip, more notice would be reasonable for carpet replacement, when the resident would be required to clear a room or rooms of everything. Property Managers are reminded that the preferred method of entry in all situations is a mutually satisfactory time and date with the resident.

Actual consent of the resident

The Property Manager, as well as anyone else, can enter the premises at any time with the consent of the resident. This is based on the well known legal principle that someone with the lawful right of possession can invite another onto the property. The statute confirms the Property Manager's immediate right of access when the resident so consents. The most common method of gaining access is by obtaining the consent of the resident. In response to a phone call or email, the resident approves the entry into the premises. If the resident's approval is over the phone, the Property Manager should make a note in the resident's file of the authorization, including time, date and initials of the staff member who spoke to the resident. In cases when a resident disputes his oral approval, a Property Manager should secure future approvals in writing or follow the statutory notice for access.

Lease provisions

Although the statute provides for the Property Manager's right of access to the premises, the Property Manager can expand upon that statutory right of access by well drafted lease provisions. If the lease provision is unreasonable, it runs the risk of being set aside as contrary to the statute or unconscionable. Enumerating specific reasons for entry has the advantage of avoiding arguments on entry for those purposes, but it has the disadvantage of generating arguments when an unlisted purpose arises. If the Property Manager foresees the need to enter for a particular purpose, it is a good practice to list that reason specifically in the lease, without limiting the general right to enter. Some enumerated reasons for access are: estimating repair or refurbishing costs, doing repairs, pest control, preventive maintenance, such as filter changes or testing or replacing smoke-detector batteries, conducting inspections, preventing waste of utilities, installing, reconnecting, or removing security devices, showing the premises to prospective residents, and removing hazardous materials.

Contractual consent of the resident

The Property Manager may include lease provisions stating that the resident consents to entry and/or that the Property Manager has the right of entry, without notice to the resident, either in general or under certain conditions, such as in response to repair requests. Lease provisions may confirm that access is deemed to be with the consent of the resident, unless the resident indicates otherwise in writing to the Property Manager. A somewhat common lease provision grants the Property Manager the right to enter the premises without prior notice to the resident at reasonable times for any reasonable purpose, including but not limited to repairs, showings or inspections. Since the statute specifically requires advance notice prior to the Property Manager's entry in most cases, it is unclear whether consent granted from the lease outset will override the notice provisions of the statute. In those cases when a resident disputes his contractual consent pursuant to a lease provision, a Property Manager should secure future approvals in writing or follow the statutory guidelines governing access.

Implied consent of the resident

The statute is silent on whether the resident's consent can be implied. Property Managers, or their repair personnel or vendors, have been known to knock, and when no one answers, enter without any prior notice to the resident. The basis for this access is the "implied" consent of the resident allowing entry in response to the resident's request for repair, or the lease obligation to provide periodic service or maintenance. A Property Manager's reliance on implied consent may be more reasonable when it is in response to a request for maintenance or repair. A Property Manager's reliance on implied consent may be unreasonable when service or maintenance is conducted that is infrequent and likely unexpected by the resident, such as unannounced service of the smoke alarms or air conditioner. In the middle ground are expected services like pest control; a better argument can be made that implied consent is given for those services which occur on a predictable schedule. Property Managers rely on implied consent at their own risk. Since the statute doesn't explicitly provide for implied consent, and the common definition of consent would be a verbal or written authorization from the resident, a judge may not be inclined to expand the meaning of consent. In cases when a resident disputes his implied consent, a Property Manager should secure future approvals in writing or follow the statutory notice for access.

Access rights in emergencies and to protect or preserve

The statute provides that the Property Manager may enter the rental "at any time for the protection or preservation of the premises." Additionally, the statute provides that the Property Manager may enter the rental without notice "in case of emergency." The fact that the statute provides separately for access in an emergency and for access to protect and preserve means that they are not always the same thing. The common understanding of "emergency" is a set of circumstances demanding immediate attention, but there is clearly a subjective element as to whether an emergency exists. In most instances the need to protect or preserve will constitute an emergency. However, if the Property Manager finds himself in a situation in which the resident argues that it was not an "emergency", and that the Property Manager unlawfully entered, the Property Manager may be able to rely on the broader "protect or preserve" justification. Consider the situation in which the Property Manager can hear a dog howling in the apartment, and the neighbors are upset with good reason. The howling has been going on since the previous evening. The dog's owner hasn't been seen, and the Property Manager has been unable to reach the resident. Posting a 24-hour notice to enter could mean another night and day of howling. There may be a serious problem in the apartment, causing the incessant howling. At the very least, the dog hasn't been out of the apartment to relieve itself. The Property Manager will have a good argument that the situation required him to give entry to the police or animal control to protect and preserve, regardless of whether a true emergency existed.

Abusing the rights

The Property Manager should not abuse the right to enter by claiming an emergency or the need to protect or preserve. The statute specifically prohibits the Property Manager from abusing the right of entry or using the right of entry to harass the resident. Some sense of urgency should exist before immediate entry is obtained under the justification of protecting and preserving the premises, such as dealing with rotting food left in a refrigerator with no power, or feces left on the flooring. The Property Manager should have a credible belief that a serious and immediate danger to the health or safety of someone exists, or that a real potential for significant damage or destruction to property exists. The danger can be to other residents, guests, the Property Manager's personnel, vendors, the general public or even the resident himself, or the property of any of them. The Property Manager should remember that his actions may be reviewed by a judge, who can differentiate between good faith access and sham excuses to enter an uncooperative resident's home. The appropriate response to a denial of access is a Seven Day Notice of Noncompliance with Opportunity to Cure, not a contrived emergency.

Access to exhibit to prospective residents

Although the statute specifically states that the Property Manager may enter the rental to "exhibit the dwelling unit to prospective or actual purchasers, mortgagees, tenants, workers, or contractors," the resident's refusal of access for showings is a common problem. A resident's insistence on unreasonable limitations or conditions is the same as a refusal. Although it may be inconvenient, a resident's request that the premises be shown only when he or a member of his family is present is not necessarily unreasonable. The resident would be expected to provide an adequate schedule of times to show the premises. The Property Manager's offer and attempts to arrange a schedule will help the Property Manager's case in case of litigation, rather than just asking for impromptu access. A schedule allows all parties to plan their time and events. The Property Manager or his agent should be present for any showings, which hopefully will eliminate any resident claims of missing property or damage by visitors.

Refusal of access to exhibit to prospective residents

If the resident has clearly indicated to the Property Manager that he is denying access to exhibit to prospective residents, the Property Manager should not enter, even if the resident is not home. The remedy for failure to grant reasonable access is a Seven Day Notice of Noncompliance with Opportunity to Cure. In deciding what is "reasonable", a judge will balance the resident's right to quiet enjoyment of the premises against his duty to cooperate in exhibiting the premises. If the Property Manager has a model apartment or another vacant apartment with similar a floor plan available, the Property Manager is unlikely to prevail, unless the rental premises are unique in some way that justifies the demand for access, such as the view from the premises. If the refusal for access occurs within the last sixty days of the lease term, the lease term is likely to be finished before the Property Manager can give the necessary Seven Day Notices, file an eviction and obtain a writ of possession. There isn't any penalty that the Property Manager can impose against the security deposit for the resident's refusal. The Property Manager could theoretically claim damages based upon a vacancy after the lease expiration date caused by missed opportunities to show the unit. Despite the fact that the Property Manager may have been denied access for one or more good prospects, any damages that the Property Manager may claim would probably be characterized by a court as speculative, and may also be denied as losses falling outside the lease term.

Extended resident absences and unreasonable withholding of consent

The statute's final subsections cover the resident's unreasonable withholding of consent and extended absences of the resident. The Property Manager has the right of entry if the resident unreasonably withholds access, but what constitutes unreasonable conduct often begs the question, and makes for a later, subjective ruling by a judge. If the Property Manager guesses wrong about whether the resident is acting unreasonably and is later deemed to have entered unlawfully, severe ramifications can await the Property Manager. The Property Manager may enter if the resident "is absent from the premises for a period of time equal to one-half the time for periodic rental payments". In leases or tenancies that are payable monthly this is essentially two weeks. If the resident is absent for two weeks, the rent is current and the resident gave the Property Manager notice of his intended absence, the Property Manager can enter only with the resident's consent or for the protection and preservation of the premise. Note that the statute doesn't require the resident to give the Property Manager written notice, only "notice". Further, a court is likely to consider any notice to the Property Manager from a reasonably credible source, such as a relative, to be acceptable notice. The circumstances of this subsection may not arise often, but the Property Manager should be aware of it. When the resident has notified the Property Manager that she is going on vacation, for hospitalization or otherwise gone from the premises for an extended period of time, the Property Manager should obtain multiple means (email, phone, etc.) to contact the resident. Obtaining consent avoids relying on the sometimes unclear need to protect and preserve the premises, or relying on contractual consent that may or may not be enforceable.


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Eviction Avoidance Techniques
by Brian P. Wolk, Attorney at Law


Successful property managers must maintain a proper balancing act. On the one hand, failing to file necessary evictions will lead to grim results, such as bloated delinquencies and poor cash flow. Even worse, it may mean that the property manager will be terminated. On the other hand, property managers are feeling the mandate from their corporate office to reduce property operations costs. The most efficient property managers often will decrease the number of evictions that are filed, because they all share some common traits and techniques. Above all else, these managers make it a point to have communication with their residents prior to filing an eviction. Make no mistake about it; it is crucial to management's operations that eviction filings are not filed unless necessary. Beyond the aggravation that the evictions process may cause and the uncertainty of the process, reducing evictions may in a number of cases minimize property damage. The reason for that is simple enough. Residents under eviction often exhibit poor housekeeping, and fail to clean the unit when they move out or by the time the sheriff executes the writ of possession. Even worse, the resident under eviction may intentionally destroy or misuse the landlord's property, or in extreme cases, steal items belonging to the landlord.

Inspecting the apartment home

Often, after the Three-Day Notice to Pay Rent is served upon the resident, the resident starts preparing to move out of the apartment home. Property managers who are dealing with staffing constraints all too often do not make inspections a priority, as there are many other responsibilities that management must undertake. Inspections should not be placed on the back burner, as it might be discovered that the resident has already clearly vacated, or the property manager may decide to see if the apartment meets the test for legal abandonment under Florida Statute 83.59 if there is no actual knowledge of abandonment.

Notice serving

It is not proper procedure for a community manager to post any notices including Three-Day Notices to Pay Rent by taping notices to the door, unless the resident is not home. Florida law does authorize a property manager to post a Three-Day Notice to Pay Rent in the absence of the resident, unless the lease requires a different method, such a mailing the notice. Property managers all too often tiptoe up to the resident's front door, gently tape the Three-Day Notice to Pay Rent, and then make a quick exit and return to the management office. Essentially, the property manager has used all efforts to serve the notice without the resident becoming aware that the manager has come to the front door. This often occurs because the property manager does not wish to confront the resident with respect to the past due rent or other lease noncompliances. In many cases, the resident will discard the notice as trash and may not pay the rent. Also, because the community manager failed to knock on the door, the notice was technically not served properly, which could jeopardize a subsequent eviction action. Also, no communication takes place, and the property manager loses a valuable collection opportunity, or at the very least, fails to learn of the resident's future intentions.

In person communication

Face-to-face communication with the resident is the most productive form of communication for a property manager. This method gives the property manager the best chance to learn what the resident's future intentions are. Therefore, when serving all notices, including the Three-Day Notice to Pay Rent, the property manager should firmly knock on the resident's front door in order to facilitate a conversation with the resident.

What the manager can learn from the in person communication

By engaging the resident in conversation, the property manager may actually be able to avoid filing an eviction, because the resident will be convinced of the need to pay and act accordingly. The resident may also indicate when after the Three-Day Notice to Pay rent is set to expire payment can be made. That may affect the property manager's decision as to when the eviction is filed. Lastly, the resident may also indicate an intention to move in the near future, which can also lead the property manager to hold off filing the eviction for a short amount of time. A future inspection of the unit may demonstrate to the property manager that the resident has started moving in earnest. Under all these scenarios, the face-to-face communication may save the property manager the time and expense of an eviction.

Agreements to vacate

Often, if the property manager communicates with the resident who is past due in their rent or otherwise not in compliance with the terms of the lease, the resident will request some extra time before being forced to move out of the premises through the eviction process. If the property manager and the resident agree on the vacating date, then an agreement to vacate may be signed by the resident. If the resident moves out by the agreed upon vacating date, as is usually the case, then the property manager would have successfully avoided filing an eviction.

Telephonic or email communications

While face-to-face communication is the most effective contact to have with the resident, talking with the resident on the phone or via email is the next best method of communication. Because regular mail can take up to five days, that amounts to lost time and is not a preferable method. Therefore, it is important that the property manager consistently update residents' contact information. By communicating with a resident, the property manager can put an end to that resident's wishful thinking that the property manager has forgotten about the account delinquency and that an eviction is not imminent. Very often when this bubble is burst, the resident will end up paying the past due rent in full.

Past due workout agreements

During the property manager's communication with the resident, the property manager may learn that the resident may not be able to pay all the rent until a later date. The property manager should not give any oral extensions, as that leaves room for the resident to misstate or misinterpret the nature of the agreement. A written agreement can be reached called a past due workout agreement. This is essentially a payment plan. If the resident fails to comply with the agreement, then a new Three-Day Notice to Pay rent would be served.


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by Harry A. Heist Attorney at Law


There is no federal or state law prohibiting you from renting to a sexual offender or predator. You are not required to notify the authorities if you have knowledge of one living on the premises, and Megan's Law does not require the authorities to specifically notify you. However, it is possible that the terms of the offender's or predator's probation or release may forbid them from living at your property due to proximity to other residents, schools, churches or children. Most resident selection criteria provide that any applicant with a sexual offense record will not be approved, but occasionally one slips through the cracks, possibly even as an authorized occupant, or perhaps moves in as an unauthorized occupant. You will find out very quickly if you have an offender or predator on the property, as it will be listed on the FDLE website, and some of your other residents will be sure to notify you immediately, as many residents periodically check the website.

THE CORPORATE LEASE - One of the dangers with the corporate lease agreement occurs when the corporation renting the apartment is allowed to put in its own occupants, who may or may not have gone through your screening process. Carefully read the section on corporate leases, and be sure that all occupants are required at the bare minimum to have a criminal background check performed by you before they are permitted to occupy the unit. If you allow a corporation renting an apartment to place the resident of its choice in the unit, or there are revolving residents, this could result in a sexual offender or predator legally moving into your apartment, and you not being able to do anything about it. This is a worse case scenario and is completely avoidable, if the manager has a good understanding of the corporate rental. You should always know who is living on the premises, even when an individual has no obligation to pay rent. Make sure your corporate lease agreement or addenda clearly place the burden on the corporate resident to disclose to you any proposed change of occupants before it happens, so that these individuals can go through your screening process.

THE UNAUTHORIZED OCCUPANT - If it is determined that an offender or predator is living on the premises, action must be taken immediately, and the procedure is the same as with any other unauthorized occupant situation. A Seven Day Notice of Noncompliance with Opportunity to Cure will be served. If the unauthorized occupant is not removed within the notice period, a Seven Day Termination Notice will be served. Seven more days must elapse, and an eviction will follow if the resident fails to vacate. The fact that the unauthorized occupant is an offender or predator will NOT make the eviction action proceed any quicker, and you should change your procedure. Remember to NEVER accept rent if the Resident is breaching the lease and has already been given a Seven Day Notice of Noncompliance. All offenders and predators are required to register with the State of Florida, and often with the municipality where they are residing. If the offender or predator uses the apartment address as the registered address, this should help in the eviction case against your resident, who is allowing the unauthorized occupant to reside in the unit. It is difficult for the resident to use the excuse, "he is just visiting", if the offender or predator has registered your address as his. If you fail to act swiftly, you can expect residents, especially those with children, to want to break their lease and move, and possibly a sympathetic judge will allow this to happen, even though other residents' ability to move is not a specific right under the law.

THE OCCUPANT WHO DOES NOT SIGN THE LEASE - One of the many reasons we always advise against allowing an adult occupant to reside on the premises without signing the lease, is that this occupant may not have undergone your resident screening process and has not filled out an application. It is very important that all residents fill out an application, not just so you have their information to screen, but because the application asks the important questions as to criminal background, including whether the applicant was convicted of a felony. If an applicant lies on the application, and your screening process did not catch the criminal record, if you discover the past criminal history later, you can evict based upon the fact that the resident gave false information on the application. The fact that an occupant has a criminal background may be the exact reason that the request was made to have him or her only listed as an occupant, but of course this information would not have been disclosed to you without the correct application procedure; you will not even have asked. Your company policy should be clear and unwavering. All adult occupants will need to undergo your usual screening procedure and sign the lease agreement before being granted occupancy. Only in very limited cases should you not require all occupants to sign the lease, for instance when a parent is a resident caring for a disabled adult child also residing on the premises.

DISCOVERING YOU HAVE AN OFFENDER OR PREDATOR - As soon as the presence of a sexual offender or predator is brought to your attention, take the following steps. 1. Immediately look at the resident's lease and application to see if that person is authorized in any way, or if there is any misinformation on the application.
2. Call the police or sheriff's department to see what they have to say.
3. Confront your resident and find out what is going on. Promises are meaningless; as with any noncompliance, the problem is sometimes cured for a short time and then reoccurs. You want to be ready for this.
4. Call your attorney for the proper wording of a Seven Day Notice to Cure.
5. Serve a Seven Day Notice to Cure immediately, regardless of any promise by the resident that the occupant will be removed.
6. Be ready to deal with irate residents, as the word will quickly spread throughout your community that a sexual offender or predator is living on-site.
7. Follow through with eviction if necessary, or have the resident(s) sign an agreement to vacate and possibly avoid an eviction.

USING THE AGREEMENT TO VACATE- If you discover that a resident has a sexual offender or predator residing with him or her in the apartment, you may encounter resistance or denial when you request that the person is removed. You may just want the resident to vacate no matter what, because you fear that the resident may remove the unauthorized occupant, but will continue to allow that person to visit, or that the unauthorized occupancy will continue, but that it will be hidden better, as often occurs. Quite possibly, the unauthorized person has developed a relationship with your resident and has no plans whatsoever of breaking up. Usually, you will save time and money if you are able to remove a resident without going through eviction process. If you feel that the resident will not remove the unauthorized occupant, or may play games with the occupant coming and going, you may decide to offer that resident the opportunity to vacate the premises by signing an agreement to vacate. If the resident signs an agreement to vacate, you will not have to go through the Seven Day Notice process. If the resident subsequently fails to vacate by the date indicated on the agreement to vacate, filing eviction may become necessary. However, that case should be a straightforward eviction, one in which it is very likely the judge will grant the eviction.


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Reopen Fees
by Brian P. Wolk Attorney at Law


Most property managers are aware of the usual court filing fees required for an eviction action. Those property managers understand that the clerk of court charges a fee to file the eviction complaint along with a fee for each summons issued in the eviction action. However, the majority of managers do not have an understanding as to how or why the clerk of court charges a reopen fee, or what the amount of the charges are. In other words, the reopen fee charge is a complete mystery to most managers. The clerk of court's reopen fee process can be for the most part easily understood by the property manager, as long as the manager is paying attention to when the charge may be applicable.

County Court reopen fees addressed in Florida Statutes 34.041(2)

The Florida legislature intended to allow the clerk of court to charge a fee to a party who reopens a case when Florida Statute 34.04(2) was enacted into law. The statute specifically states that a party reopening any civil action, suit or proceeding in any county court shall pay to the clerk of court a filing fee. An expected six million dollars was expected to be generated to help pay for court operations.

Reopen fee amounts charged by the clerk of court

Florida Statutes 34.041(2) requires a party to pay a reopen fee which is set by the clerk of court in an amount not to exceed $25.00 for all claims of not more than $500.00 and an amount not to exceed $50.00 for all claims greater than $500.

When is a case reopened

Florida Statute 34.041(2) provides that a case is reopened when a case previously reported as disposed of is resubmitted to the court. In addition, the Florida Supreme Court has set forth a general test for determining if a case has reached completion: whether the order in question constitutes an end to the judicial labor in the cause, and nothing remains to be done by the court to effectuate a termination of the cause as between the parties directly affected.

Exemptions from paying the reopen fee

The statute prohibits the clerk of court from charging a reopen fee for a number of items, including but not limited to stipulations, responsive pleadings, a motion for dismissal filed after a mediation agreement has been filed, a motion for attorney's fees filed within 30 days of the entry of the judgment or final order, a writ of garnishment and a writ of replevin.

County clerks do not interpret the stipulation exception to the reopen fee requirement in a universal fashion.

Many county clerks interpret the stipulation exception to the reopen fee strictly, and will not charge for the filing a stipulation and proposed order approving the stipulation after there has been a final judgment of eviction. On the other hand, other county clerks believe that because a judge's signature is required to approve the stipulation, they will charge a reopen fee on the basis that more than just a stipulation is being filed. Likewise, if an affidavit of noncompliance is filed because a stipulation has been breached by the resident under eviction, many county clerks will charge a reopen fee, while other county clerk offices will not.

Consequences for the manager who is unaware if the reopen fee is applicable

All too often, even the most seasoned of property managers are surprised when they learn that a reopen fee was incurred either during the filing of a stipulation in the course of an eviction action, or during the filing of an affidavit of noncompliance with the stipulation due to the resident's beach of the terms of the stipulation. When this happens, the manger may have already sent the account to collections or made a deduction from the resident's security deposit without a proper accounting. In addition, the legal fees owed in the stipulation may be understated, which would prevent the manager from forcing the resident to pay that charge as money owed under the stipulation. Therefore, it is important that a property manager at all stages of the stipulation process stay in contact with the attorney to verify if reopen fees are applicable to the situation.


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Law Offices of Heist, Weisse & Wolk, P.A.
Phone: 1-800-253-8428 Fax: 1-800-367-9038

Serving Florida's Property Managers with main office in Fort Myers Beach. Available by appointment in Orlando and Clearwater

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